Since our childhood we’re taught in a certain way, but many times we realize that we tend to learn better, in a few ways than others. A person may be better at learning sports, while another may excel at team work. What makes us that different?
A famous psychologist and professor from Harvard, Howard Gardner has identified eight different types of intelligences that each individual has possesses. The idea of multiple intelligences let us identify various strengths and weaknesses while learning something.
These major forms of intelligence are believed to coexist in each of us. Hence, having one dominant intelligence doesn’t mean the absence of others and also there can be more than one dominant type too.
So let’s go through the various forms of intelligence:
1. Visual/Spatial –
Do you learn with visuals and 3D objects in a better way?
The spatial intelligence involves a visual perception of the surroundings, the ability to create and manipulate mental images and the orientation of the objects in space. People having strong spatial skills are often good artists and learn better with spatial objects.
2. Verbal/Linguistic –
Do you learn and understand new languages with ease and possess better conversing or writing skills?
Linguistic skills, as the name suggests, involves reading, writing, speaking, and conversing in various languages. People with strong linguistic skills are better conversationalists, writers and are good with learning new words and accents from different languages.
3. Logical/Mathematical –
Are you the one getting those calculus formulas and reasoning better than your classmates?
Mathematical and logical skills involve numbers and computing skills, recognizing patterns, relationships and order. It also involves the ability to solve different kinds of problems through one primary logic.
4. Bodily/Kinesthetic –
Perhaps you’re the most active one who is excelling at various sports in your gym class. Then maybe you’re kinesthetically intelligent.
This form involves physical coordination and dexterity, using strong psychomotor skills and expressing oneself through physical activities.
5. Musical –
Are you among the ones who create new tunes in their mind, out of anything you hear or play excellent musical instruments?
Musical intelligence is understanding and expressing of your emotions through music and rhythmic movements or dance. It broadly involves composing, playing, or creating rhythms and music.
6. Interpersonal –
Perhaps you are one of the social butterflies who are always involved in public relations and working in teams?
Interpersonal skills are the ability to effectively communicate and understand other people and how to work collaboratively with ease.
7. Intrapersonal –
Just opposite to an interpersonal person, is an interpersonal intelligent personal. The lone wolves as someone may see them, they enjoy working on their own and are fully controlled by themselves.
Intrapersonal intelligence Involves understanding one’s inner world of emotions, thoughts and ideas, and learning the ability to control them and work with them consciously. They may understand their own self better and are therefore very good at self expression.
8. Naturalist –
Initially, Gardner only introduced 7 forms of intelligence, but he then found the eighth one which involves understanding the natural world of plants and animals, noticing their characteristics, and categorizing them.
It generally involves keen observation and the ability to classify other things as well. So if you’re an observant and understand fine natural details, you’re a naturalistically intelligent person.
Now that you know your dominant type, the next time you learn something new, you can learn better by learning it your way.
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